The design of the grand Forte fortress of a tenaille type, built in accordance with the newest military technology between 1566 and 1569, is credited to the Venetian condottiere Sforza Palavicino. Because of its construction, occupying the entire width of the peninsula, the suburban settlement Varoš had to be destroyed. Along the eastern walls of the Forte fortress a water-filled moat was excavated in the 17th century and a new fortress, the so-called Mezzaluna (half-moon shape), was built. Its construction led to the devastation of the Roman amphitheatre remains.
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